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BILLIE HOLIDAY

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BILLIE'S STORY

Billie Holiday, born April 7, 1915 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, was a superstar of her day. She first rose to prominence in the 1930’s with a unique style that reinvented the conventions of modern singing and performance. More than 80 years after making her first recording Billie’s legacy continues to embody what is elegant and cool in contemporary music. Holiday’s complicated life and her genre-defining autobiography “Lady Sings the Blues” made her a cultural icon. The evocative, soulful voice which she boldly put forth as a force for good, turned any song she sang into her own. Today, Billie Holiday is remembered for her musical masterpieces, her songwriting skills, creativity and courageous views on inequality and justice.

Holiday (born Eleanora Fagan Gough) grew up in jazz-soaked Baltimore of the 1920s. In her early teens, the beginning part of her “apprenticeship” was spent singing along with the records of iconoclasts Bessie Smith and Louis Armstrong. In 1929 Billie’s mother Sadie Fagan moved to New York in search of better jobs. Young Eleanora soon joined her there and began showing up at jazz clubs to audition and sing with resident pianists. She made debuts in obscure Harlem nightclubs, sharing tips with other dancers and comedians on the bill. Around this time she borrowed her professional name Billie Holiday from screen actress Billie Dove. Although she never received technical training and never learned how to read music, Holiday quickly became an active participant in what was then the most vibrant jazz scene in the country – as the Harlem Renaissance transitioned into the Swing Era.

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AS TIME GOES BY

  • Billie Holiday is Born April 7, Born in Philadelphia, Penn.

  • Holiday appears in various Harlem clubs with singer Laurence Jackson

  • Holiday cuts her first records at the age of 18

    Holiday cuts her first records at the age of 18

    – Hammond organizes her first commercial recording session with Benny Goodman

  • Signed to Brunswick Records by John Hammond

    Signed to Brunswick Records by John Hammond

    – Begins collaborations with Teddy Wilson – Stars alongside Duke Ellington in the film “Symphony in Black”

  • Releases “Summertime” from “Porgy and Bess”

    Releases “Summertime” from “Porgy and Bess”

  • Receives the nickname “Lady Day” from sax player Lester Young

    Receives the nickname “Lady Day” from sax player Lester Young

    – She teams with the Count Basie Orchestra

  • She teams with Artie Shaw becoming the first black woman to work with a white orchestra

    She teams with Artie Shaw becoming the first black woman to work with a white orchestra

  • Debut performance of “Strange Fruit” at Café Society, New York’s first integrated nightclub

    Debut performance of  “Strange Fruit” at Café Society, New York’s first integrated nightclub

    – Records her first major session at Commodore

  • Billie co-writes and records the legendary “God Bless The Child”

    Billie co-writes and records the legendary “God Bless The Child”

  • Holiday signs with Decca Records

    Holiday signs with Decca Records

  • “Lover Man (Oh Where Can You Be)”, written specifically for Billie, becomes her highest charted Pop hit to date, peaking at #16.

    “Lover Man (Oh Where Can You Be)”, written specifically for Billie, becomes her highest charted Pop hit to date, peaking at #16.

    – Billie Holiday writes and records “Don’t Explain” – Esquire Magazine Gold Award for Best Leading Female Vocalist

  • Performs at Carnegie Hall to a sold out crowd

    Performs at Carnegie Hall to a sold out crowd

    – The Broadway show “Holiday on Broadway” begins a three week run

  • “Crazy He Calls Me” single is released

    “Crazy He Calls Me” single is released

  • Appears in the short film “Sugar Chile Robinson, Billie Holiday, Count Basie and His Sextet”

    Appears in the short film “Sugar Chile Robinson, Billie Holiday, Count Basie and His Sextet”

  • Her first two long play studio albums are released for Norman Granz’s Clef Records, “Billie Holiday Sings” and “An Evening with Billie Holiday”

  • Appears on the ABC reality series “The Comeback Story”

  • Billie releases her next full length album, “Billie Holiday”, for Clef Records

    Billie releases her next full length album, “Billie Holiday”, for Clef Records

    – She tours Europe

  • Her full length album, “Music for Torching”, is released for Clef Records

    Her full length album, “Music for Torching”, is released for Clef Records

    – Make her first appearance on The Tonight Show, hosted by Steve Allen

  • Her “Velvet Mood: Songs By Billie Holiday” album is released

    – “Lady Sings The Blues” marks the last album for Clef Records – Her autobiography, “Lady Sings The Blues”, is published by Doubleday – Performs two sold shows at Carnegie Hall

  • Her “Body and Soul” and “Songs For Distingue Lovers” full length albums are released on Norman Granz’s new Verve Records

  • Norman Granz releases his last records with Billie, “Stay With Me” and “All or Nothing At All”

    – Working with the Ray Ellis Orchestra, Billie makes her album debut on Columbia Records with “Lady In Satin”

  • Holiday completes her final album, “Billie Holiday”, retitled “Last Recordings” with MGM

    Holiday completes her final album, “Billie Holiday”, retitled “Last Recordings” with MGM

    – Holiday gives her final performance in New York City. – July 17, Holiday dies in New York City and is buried at Saint Raymond’s Cemetery in Bronx County, NY.

  • Live recordings from her last Carnegie Hall appearance are released as “The Essential Billie Holiday”

    Live recordings from her last Carnegie Hall appearance are released as “The Essential Billie Holiday”

  • Nina Simone records her version of “Strange Fruit”

    Nina Simone records her version of “Strange Fruit”

  • Diana Ross stars as Holiday in the film “Lady Sings the Blues”

    Diana Ross stars as Holiday in the film “Lady Sings the Blues”

  • “God Bless The Child” single inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame

    “God Bless The Child” single inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame

  • “Strange Fruit” single inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame

    “Strange Fruit” single inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame

  • “Billie Holiday – Giants of Jazz” wins a Grammy Award for Best Historical Album

    “Billie Holiday – Giants of Jazz” wins a Grammy Award for Best Historical Album

  • The city of Baltimore honors Billie Holiday with her first statue

  • Billie Holiday is posthumously awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award

  • U2 releases the Billie Holiday tribute song “Angel of Harlem”

    U2 releases the Billie Holiday tribute song “Angel of Harlem”

  • “Lover Man (Oh, Where Can You Be?)” single inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame

    “Lover Man (Oh, Where Can You Be?)” single inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame

  • Billie Holiday – The Complete Decca Recordings” wins a Grammy Award for Best Historical Album

    Billie Holiday – The Complete Decca Recordings” wins a Grammy Award for Best Historical Album

    – Miki Howard stars as Billie Holiday in a club scene in “Malcolm X”

  • On September 18, 1994, the United States Postal Service honored Holiday by introducing a USPS-sponsored stamp

    On September 18, 1994, the United States Postal Service honored Holiday by introducing a USPS-sponsored stamp

    – Etta James receives first Grammy Award for Best Jazz Vocal Performance for her “Mystery Lady: Songs of Billie Holiday” album – “The Complete Billie Holiday” wins a Grammy Award for Best Historical Album

  • Inducted into the ASCAP Jazz Wall of Fame

  • Time Magazine declares “Strange Fruit” the Song of the Century

    Time Magazine declares “Strange Fruit” the Song of the Century

    – Ranked #6 on VH1’s “100 Greatest Women In Rock n’ Roll”

  • “Lady In Satin” album inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame

    “Lady In Satin” album inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame

    – Billie Holiday is inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at the fifteenth annual induction dinner. Diana Ross is her presenter.

  • “Lady Day: The Complete Billie Holiday” wins a Grammy Award for Best Historical Album

    “Lady Day: The Complete Billie Holiday” wins a Grammy Award for Best Historical Album

    – “Strange Fruit” honored by the Library of Congress as one of the 50 songs that year to be added to the National Recording Registry

  • Billie Holiday is inducted into the Ertegun Jazz Hall of Fame

  • “Embraceable You” single inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame

    “Embraceable You” single inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame

  • “Crazy He Calls Me” single inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame

    “Crazy He Calls Me” single inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame

  • Billie Holiday inducted into the National Women’s Hall of Fame

  • “Lady Day The Musical” opens for preview performances at Times Square’s Little Shubert Theatre starring multiple-Grammy Award winner Dee Dee Bridgewater

    “Lady Day The Musical” opens for preview performances at Times Square’s Little Shubert Theatre starring multiple-Grammy Award winner Dee Dee Bridgewater

    – Kanye West samples Nina Simone’s version of “Strange Fruit”

  • April 6th, Billie is inducted into The Apollo Theater’s Walk of Fame

    April 6th, Billie is inducted into The Apollo Theater’s Walk of Fame

    Two-time Grammy winner Cassandra Wilson presents the plaque as Lady Day joins other legends including Ella Fitzgerald, James Brown and Louis Armstrong.

  • Author John Szwed wins Jazz Journalists Association “2016 Jazz Book of the Year” for Billie Holiday: The Musician and the Myth

    Author John Szwed wins Jazz Journalists Association “2016 Jazz Book of the Year” for Billie Holiday: The Musician and the Myth

SOCIAL

PLAYLISTS

BILLIE THE SONGWRITER

SIGNATURE SONGS

LIST OF ALL SONGS

Song TitleWriter(s)
A Fine RomanceFields/Kern
A Foggy DayGershwin/Gershwin
A Sailboat In The MoonlightLoeb/Lombardo
A Sunbonnet Blue (And A Yellow Straw Hat)Fain/Kahal
A Yiddish MommePollack/Yellen
Ain't Misbehavin' (I'm Savin' My Love For You)Brooks/Razaf/Waller
Ain't Nobody's Business If I DoGrainger/Robbins
All Of MeMarks/Simons
All Of YouPorter
All Or Nothing At AllAltman/Lawrence
All The WayCahn/VanHeusen
AlwaysBerlin
Am I Blue?Akst/Clarke
Any Old TimeArtie Shaw
April In My HeartCarmichael/Meinard
April In ParisDuke/Harburg
As Time Goes ByHerman Hupfeld
Autumn In New YorkDuke
Song TitleWriter(s)
Baby Get LostFeather
Baby, I Don't Cry Over YouKrouse
Baby, Won't You Please Come HomeWarfield/Williams
Back In Your Own BackyardDreyer/Jolson/Rose
Be Fair To Me BabyDarnell/Mesner
Beer Barrel Polka (Roll Out The Barrel)Brown/Timm/Vejvoda
Big StuffBernstein
Billie's Blues (I Love My Man)Holiday
Billie's Blues (Instrumental)Holiday
Blue MoonHart/Rodgers
Blue Turning Grey Over YouRazaf/Waller
Body And SoulEyton/Green/Heyman/Sour
Born To LoveJerome/Scholl
But BeautifulJohnny Burke / James Van Heusen
But Not For Me-
Song TitleWriter(s)
Can't Help Lovin' Dat ManHammerstein/Kern
CarelesslyEllis/Kenny/Kenny
Cheek To CheekBerlin
Come Rain Or Come ShineArlen/Mercer
Comes LoveBrown/Stept/Tobias
Crazy He Calls MeRussell/Sigman
Song TitleWriter(s)
'Deed I DoHirsch/Rose
Darn That DreamDe Lange/Van Heusen
Day In, Day OutBloom/Mercer
Deep SongCory/Cross
Detour AheadFrigo/Carter/Ellis
Did I Remember?Adamson/Donaldson
Do Nothing Till You Hear From MeEllington/Russell
Do You Know What It Means (To Miss New Orleans)Alter/DeLange
Do Your DutyWilson
Don't ExplainHerzog/Holiday
Don't Worry 'bout MeBloom/Koehler
Dream Of LifeHenderson/McRae
Song TitleWriter(s)
East Of The SunBowman
Easy LivingRanger/Robin
Easy To LovePorter
Easy To RememberLorenz Hart / Richard Rodgers
Eeny Meeny Miney MoJohnny Mercer / Matty Malneck
Embraceable YouGershwin/Gershwin
Everybody's LaughingLerner/Oakland
Everything Happens For The BestHoliday/Smith
Everything Happens To MeAdair/Dennis
Everything I Have Is YoursAdamson/Lane
Song TitleWriter(s)
Falling In Love AgainHollander/Lerner
Fanfare From Oh, Lady Be Good-
Farewell To StoryvilleWilliams/Williams
Fine And MellowHoliday
Foolin' MyselfLawrence/Tinturin
For All We KnowSam M. Lewis / J. Fred Coots
For Heaven's SakeDon Meyer / Elsie Bretton / Sherman Edwards
Forget If You CanJoy/Manus/Upham
Song TitleWriter(s)
(I Don't Stand A) Ghost Of A ChanceCrosby/Washington/Young
Gee Baby, Ain't I Good To You?Razaf/Redman
Georgia On My MindCarmichael/Gorrell
Getting Some Fun Out Of LifeBurke/Leslie
Ghost Of YesterdayHerzog/Kitchings
Gimmie A Pigfoot (And A Bottle Of Beer)Wilson
Girls Were Made To Take Care Of BoysBlane
Glad To Be UnhappyLorenz Hart / Richard Rodgers
Gloomy SundayLewis/Seress
God Bless The ChildHerzog/Holiday
Gone With The WindMagidson/Wrubel
Good Morning HeartacheDrake/Fisher/Higginbotham
Guess Who?Freed/Lane
GuiltyAkst/Kahn/Whiting
Song TitleWriter(s)
Having Myself A TimeRanger/Robin
He Ain't Got RhythmBerlin
He's Funny That WayRichard A. Whiting / Neil Moret
Hello, My DarlingHollander/Loesser
Here It Is Tomorrow AgainGibbons/Ringwald
How Am I To Know?Jack King / Dorothy Parker
How Could You?Dubin/Warren
How Deep Is The Ocean?Berlin
Song TitleWriter(s)
I Can't Believe That You're In Love With MeGaskill/McHugh
I Can't Face The MusicBloom/Koehler
I Can't Get StartedDuke/Gershwin
I Can't Give You Anything But Love (Baby)Fields/McHugh
I Can't PretendBreuder/Rusincky/Tobias
I Cover The WaterfrontGreen/Heyman
I Cried For YouArnheim/Freed/Lyman
I Didn't Know What Time It WasHart/Rodgers
I Don't Know If I'm Coming Or GoingFien/Wainer
I Don't Want To Cry AnymoreSchertzinger
I Get A Kick Out Of YouPorter
I Get Along Without You Very WellCarmichael
I Got It Bad (And That Ain't Good)Ellington/Webster
I Gotta Right To Sing The BluesArlen/Koehler
I Hadn't Anyone Till YouNoble
I Hear MusicLane/Loesser
I Must Have That ManFields/McHugh
I Only Have Eyes For YouDubin/Warren
I Thought About YouMercer/VanHeusen
I Wish I Had YouGreen/Stillman/Thornhill
I Wished On The MoonParker/Ranger
I Won't Believe ItMartin Block/Robinson/Selsman
I Wonder Where Our Love Has GoneJohnson
I'll Be AroundAlex Wilder
I'll Be Seeing YouSammy Fain / Irving Kahal
I'll Get ByAhlert/Turk
I'll Look AroundCory/Cross
I'll Never Be The SameKahn/Maineck/Signorelli
I'll Never Fail YouMizzy/Taylor
I'll Never Smile AgainLowe
I'm A Fool To Want YouJ. Wolf / Herron / Sinatra
I'm All For YouBresler/Wynn
I'm Gonna Lock My Heart (And Throw Away The Key)Eaton/Shand
I'm In A Low Down GrooveJacobs
I'm Painting The Town RedTobias/Newman/Stept
I'm Pulling ThroughHerzog/Kitchings
I'm Walkin' Through Heaven With YouGordon/Turner
I'm YoursJohnny Green / E.Y. Harburg
I've Got A Date With A DreamGordon/Revel
I've Got My Love To Keep Me WarmBerlin
If Dreams Come TrueGoodman/Mills/Sampson
If I Were YouBernier/Emmerich
If My Heart Could Only TalkPowell/Samuels/Whitcup
If The Moon Turns GreenCoates/Hanighen
If You Were MineJohnny Mercer / Matty Malneck
Ill WindArlen/Koehler
Isn't This A Lovely DayBerlin
IsraelHerzog/Scott
It Had To Be YouJones/Kahn
It's A Sin To Tell A LieMayhew
It's Easy To Blame The WeatherCahn/Chaplin
It's Like Reaching For The MoonLewis/Marqusee/Sherman
It's Not For Me To SayAllen/Stillman
It's Too Hot For WordsSamuels/Whitcup/Powell
Song TitleWriter(s)
Jeepers CreepersMercer/Warren
JimPetrillo/Ross/Shawn
Johnny Mercer AnnouncementN.A.
Just FriendsKlenner/Lewis
Just One More ChanceCoslow/Johnson
Just One Of Those ThingsPorter
Song TitleWriter(s)
Keeps On Rainin'Kortlander/Williams
Song TitleWriter(s)
Lady Sings The BluesHoliday/Nichols
Lady's Back In TownScott
Laughing At LifeKenny/Kenny/Todd/Todd
Let's Call A Heart A HeartBurke/Johnston
Let's Call The Whole Thing OffGershwin/Gershwin
Let's Do ItPorter
Let's Dream In The MoonlightMalneck/Walsh
Life Begins When You're In LoveBrown/Schertzinger
Long Gone BluesHoliday
Love For SalePorter
Love Me Or Leave MeDonaldson/Kahn
Loveless LoveHandy
Lover Come Back To MeRomberg/Hammerstein
Lover Man (Oh, Where Can You Be?)Davis/Ramirez/Sherman
Song TitleWriter(s)
Mandy Is TwoMcGrath/Mercer
Maybe You'll Be ThereBloom/GAllop
Me, Myself And I (Are All In Love With You)Gordon/Kaufman/Roberts
Mean To MeAhlert/Turk
MiseryScott
Miss Brown To YouRanger/Robin/Whiting
Moanin' LowDeitz/Rainger
MoonglowDe Lange/Hudson/Mills
Moonlight In VermontBlackburn/Suessdorf & Blackburn
More Than You KnowEliscu/Rose/Youman
My First Impression Of YouStept/Tobias
My Funny Valentine-
My ManCharles/Pollack/Williametz/Yvain
My Old FlameArthur Johnson / Sam Coslow
My Sweet Hunk O'trashJohnson/Miller
Song TitleWriter(s)
(You Ain't Gonna Bother Me) No MoreCamarata/Russell
Nice Work If You Can Get ItGershwin/Gershwin
Night And DayPorter
No Good ManFisher/GAllop/Higginbotham
No RegretsIngraham/Tobias
Norman Granz AnnouncementN.A.
Now Or NeverHoliday/Lewis
Now They Call It SwingDeleath/Hirsch
Song TitleWriter(s)
Ole Miss (Instrumental)Handy
On The Sentimental SideBurke/Monaco
On The Sunny Side Of The StreetDorothy Fields / Jimmy McHugh
One For My Baby (And One More For The Road)Arlen/Mercer
One Never Knows - Does One?Gordon/Revell
One, Two, Button Your ShoeBurke/Johnston
Our Love Is DifferentClinton/Bernier
Our Love Is Here To Stay-
Song TitleWriter(s)
(I Love You) PorgyGershwin/Gershwin/Heyward
P.S. I Love YouJenkins/Mercer
Pennies From HeavenBurke/Johnson
Please Keep Me In Your DreamsLawnhurst/Seymour
Please Tell Me NowClawson/Pope
Please, Don't Talk About Me When I'm GoneClare/Palmer/Stept
Practice Makes PerfectGold/Roberts
Prelude To A KissEllington/Irving Gordon/Mills
Song TitleWriter(s)
RememberBerlin
RestlessCoslow/Satterfield
Riffin' The ScotchGoodman-Buck-McDonough
Rocky Mountain BluesHeywoo/Tucker
Romance In The DarkCoslow/Neisen
Song TitleWriter(s)
Saddest TaleEllington
Say It Isn't SoBerlin
Say It With A KissMercer/Warren
Says My HeartLane/Loesser
Sentimental & MelancholyMercer/Whiting
SoftlyBeal/Greene
SolitudeDeLange/Ellington/Mills
Some Of These DaysBrooks
Some Other SpringWilson/Herzog
Somebody's On My MindHerzog/Holiday
Sometimes I'm HappyCaesar/Grey/Youman
Sophisticated LadyEllington/Mills/Parish
Speak LowNash/Weill
Spreadin' The Rhythm AroundKoehler/McHugh
Squeeze Me-
St. Louis BluesHandy
Stars Fell On AlabamaParish/Perkins
Stormy BluesHoliday
Stormy WeatherArlen/Koehler
Strange FruitAllan/Marks
Sugar (That Sugar Baby O' Mine)Alexander/Mitchell/Pinkard
SummertimeGershwin/Gershwin/Heyward
Sun ShowersBrown/Freed
Swing, Brother SwingBishop/Raymond/Williams
Song TitleWriter(s)
Tell Me More And More (And Then Some)Holiday
TenderlyGross/Lawrence
That Ole Devil Called LoveFisher/Roberts
That's All I Ask Of YouPope
That's Life I GuessDeRose/Lewis
The Blues Are Brewin'Alter/DeLange
The End Of A Love AffairEdward C. Redding
The Man I LoveGershwin/Gershwin
The Mood That I'm InSherman/Silver
The Moon Looks Down And LaughsKalmar/Ruby/Silvers
The Nearness Of YouCarmichael/Washington
The Same Old StoryField/Oliphant
The Very Thought Of YouNoble
The Way You Look TonightDorothy Fields / Jerome Kern
Them There EyesPinkard/Tauber/William Tracey
There Is No Greater LoveJones/Symes
There'll Be Some Changes MadeHiggins/Overstreet
These 'n' That 'n' ThoseFairchild/Pascal
These Foolish ThingsMarvell/Strachey/Walker
They Can't Take That Away From MeGershwin/Gershwin
They SayHeyman/Weiss
Things Are Looking UpGershwin/Gershwin
This Is Heaven To MeReardon/Schweikert
This Year's KissesBerlin
Time On My HandsAdamson/Gordon/Youman
Too Marvelous For WordsMercer/Whiting
Trav'lin' All AloneJohnson
Trav'lin' LightMercer/Young
Trav'lin' Light, With Reading From 'Lady Sings The Blues'Mercer/Young
Twenty-Four Hours A DayArthur Swanstrom / Hanley
Song TitleWriter(s)
Under A Blue Jungle MoonBrisben/Conway
Underneath The Stars-
Until The Real Thing Comes AlongChaplin/Holiner/Kahn/Nichols
Song TitleWriter(s)
Violets For Your FursTom Adair / Matt Dennis
Song TitleWriter(s)
We'll Be Together AgainFischer/Laine
Weep No MoreAdair/Jenkins
What A Little Moonlight Can DoWoods
What A Night, What A Moon, What A GirlLoeb
What Is This Going To Get Us?Herzog/Kitchings
What Is This Thing Called Love?Porter
What Shall I Say?Tinturin
What's New?Burke/Haggart
When A Woman Loves A ManHanighen/Jenkins/Mercer
When It's Sleepy Time Down SouthClarence Muse/Otis/Rene
When You Are Away, DearBlossom/Herbert
When You're SmilingFisher/Goodwin/Shay
When Your Lover Has GoneSwan
Where Is The Sun?David/Redmond
Wherever You AreFriend/Tobias
Who Loves You?Coots/Davis
Who Wants Love?Kahn/Waxman
Why Did I Always Depend On You?Greenwood/McRae/Smith
Why Was I Born?Hammerstein/Kern
Willis Conover AnnouncementN.A.
Willow Weep For MeRonell
With Thee I SwingAdlam/Hyde/Stillman
Without Your LoveLange/Stryker
Song TitleWriter(s)
Yankee Doodle Never Went To TownArthur Freed / Bernie Hanighan
YesterdaysKern/Harbach
You Better Go NowGraham/Reichner
You Can't Be Mine (And Someone Else's Too)Johnson/Webb
You Can't Lose A Broken HeartJohnson/Miller
You Don't Know What Love IsDon Raye / Gene DePaul
You Go To My HeadCoots/Gillespie
You Gotta Show Me-
You Let Me DownDubin/Warren
You Showed Me The WayFitzgerald/Green/McRae/Webb
You Took Advantage Of MeHart/Rodgers
You Turned The Tables On MeAlter/Mitchell
You're A Lucky GuyCahn/Chaplin
You're Driving Me CrazyDonaldson
You're Gonna See A Lot Of MeCurtis/Goodhard/Hoffman
You're Just A No AccountCahn/Chaplin
You're My ThrillClare/Gorney
You're So DesirableNoble
You're Too Lovely To LastBeal/Fraser/McRae
You've ChangedBill Carey / Carl Fischer
Your Mother's Son-In-LawHoliner/Nichols
Yours And MineBrown/Freed

FEATURED ALBUMS

QUOTES FROM A LADY

BILLIE HOLIDAY STYLE

TV/FILM/DOCUMENTARIES

BOOKS & DVD'S

The following is a comprehensive list of Billie Holiday in the printed word, courtesy of writer/broadcaster Ian Clayton.

Billie Holiday with William Dufty, (1956) Lady Sings the Blues; Doubleday. The notorious autobiography on which the film of the same name is loosely based.

John Szwed, (2016) Billie Holiday: The Musician and the Myth; Penguin Books. Offers a portrait of Lady Day as artist and mythmaker rather than tragic victim.

John Chilton, (1975) Billie's Blues; Quartet. Well researched hard facts about Billie’s recording career.

Chris Ingham, (2000) Billie Holiday; Unanimous. An entry in the “Diva’s” series.

David Margolick, (2000) Strange Fruit; Running Press. The impact of “Café Society and an early cry for human rights.

Bud Kliment, (1990) Billie Holiday-Singer; Chelsea House. Black Americans of achievement series.

Leslie Gourse, (1997) Billie Holiday Companion; Schirmer. Compilation of various, mostly hard to find writings on Billie.

John White, (1987) Billie Holiday: Her Life and Times; Spellmount. Larger format book in “Jazz Lifetimes” series.

Leslie Gourse, (1995) Billie Holiday - The tragedy and triumph of Lady Day.; Franklin Watts.

Stuart Nicholson, (1995) Billie Holiday; Victor Gollancz. A model of biographical writing, much previously unknown material.

Michel Fontanes, (1999) Billie et Paris; Editions Rive Droite. Thoroughly researched chronicle of Billies time in Paris 1954 and 1958. English translation available.

Marc-Edouard Nabe, (1986) L‘âme de Billie Holiday; L’infini Denoël. Novel, not published in English.

Farah Jasmin Griffin, (2001) If You Can't Be Free, Be A Mystery; The Free Press. A groundbreaking study that confronts the myths.

Robert O’Meally, (1991) Lady Day, The Many Faces of Billie Holiday; Arcade. Superbly illustrated; scholarly and enlightened.

Donald Clarke, (1994) Wishing On the Moon; Viking Penguin. A near definite account.

Burnett James, (1984) Billie Holiday; Spellmount/Hippocrene. Small Format, An introduction in the Jazz Masters series.

Melvin Maddocks, (1979) Billie Holiday (Giants of Jazz); Time Life. Biography to accompany a Time Life record set.

Ken Vail, (1996) Lady Day’s Diary; Castle. A month by month Chronology of Lady’s career.

Paola Boncompagni, (1992) Lady Day Life and Songs; Nuovi Equilibri. Small format book to accompany mini CD from Italy.

Julia Blackburn, (2005) With Billie; Jonathan Cape. A well constructed book, uses interviews undertaken by Linda Kuehl in the 1970’s.

Magdalena Alagna, (2003) Billie Holiday (Rock & Roll Hall of Famers); Rosen. An entry in the “rock and roll hall of famers” series, introduction for teenagers.

Alain Gerber, (2005) Lady Day, Histoires d’Amour; Fayard. A novel about Billie in French.

Danièle Robert, (1995) Les Chants de l’Aube de Lady Day; Le Temps Qu’Il Faut. A novel about Billie’s life in French.

Sylvia Fol, (2006) Billie Holiday; Folio. A complete book in French of Billie’s life with several insights on Billie's ambiguous sexuality.

Gary Giddins, (1992) Faces In the Crowd; Oxford University Press. A fine collection of essays and criticism.

Eric Hobsbawm, (1998) Uncommon People, Rebellion and Jazz; Wiedenfield and Nicholson. Includes an obituary of Billie.

Françoise Sagan, (1984) Avec Mon Meilleur Souvenir; Folio. In english "With Fondest Regards” (1998) Alison and Busby, affectionate and candid tribute.

Angela Y. Davies, (1999) Blues Legacies, Black Feminism; Vintage. Scholarly research into the sociology of blues and jazz from female standpoint.

Robyn Archer & Diane Symonds, (1986) A Star is Torn; Virago. An anthology of various women singers, part of a stageshow.

Burnett James, (1964) Essays on Jazz; Jazz Book Club. An essay called "Billie Holiday and the Art of Communication."

Bennu Green, (1964) The Reluctant Art; Jazz Book Club. A forty page essay called "Billie Holiday."

Martin T. Williams, (1962) The Art of Jazz; Jazz Book Club. Essay entitled "Billie Holiday" by Glen Coulter.

Martin T. Williams, (1965) Jazz Panorama; Jazz Book Club. Another essay by Glen Coulter, reviewing Billie records.

Leonard Feather, (1974) From Satchmo to Miles; Stein and Day. Personal stories from the great jazz writer.

Martin Williams, (1983) The Jazz Tradition; Oxford Univ. Press. An essay entitled: "Actress without an act."

Max Jones, (1987) Talking Jazz; McMillan Press. Adventures involving the writer and Billie on tour in England 1954.

Roy Carr, (1999) Jazz Singers; Hamlyn. Glossy, large format introduction to jazz vocalists.

Francis Davis, (1990) Outcats; Oxford Univ. Press. Essays on jazz people including "The Man Who Danced with Billie Holiday."

Will Friedwald, (1991) Jazz Singing; Quartet. Superb book, essay called "Lady Day and Lady Time."

Hettie Jones, (1974) Big Star Fallin' Mama; Viking. Warm portraits of five singers including Billie.

Henry Pleasants, (1974) The Great American Popular Singers; Victor Gollancz. A wonderful survey of vocal art.

Kitty Grime, (1983) Jazz Voices; Quartet. A patchwork of interviews with jazz people, a chapter about Billie.

Studs Terkel, (1957) Giants of Jazz; The New Press. A series of beautifully observed portraits, chapter on Billie "God Bless The Child."

Carol Boston, (2009) Becoming Billie Holiday; Weatherford. Award-winning poet and professor excellent book—a fictional verse memoir.

John Hammond with Irving Townsend, (1981) John Hammond on record: An autobiography; Penguin. Autobiography of the jazz buff and record company man.

Maya Angelou, (1986) The Heart of a Woman; Virago. Fourth volume of the great black writer's autobiography.

Jeremy Reed, (1999) Angels Divas and Black Listed Heroes; Peter Owen. A challenging series of essays by poet and novelist.

Leslie Gourse, (1995) Madame Jazz; Oxford Univ. Press. The history of women in Jazz.

Sally Placksin, (1985) Jazz Women, 1900 to the Present; Pluto. Words, lives and music of nearly a century of jazz women.

Leslie Gourse, (1984) Louis’ Children American Jazz Singers; Quill. A comprehensive overview of the Louis Armstrong legacy.

Harry Shapiro, (1988) Waiting for the Man; Quartet. Drugs and their links to popular music.

Arnold Shaw, (1977) 52nd Street: The Street of Jazz; Da Capo. Originally published as "The Street That Never Slept," a slice of jazz nightlife.

Buck Clayton, (1986) Buck Clayton’s Jazz World; McMillan. Story of the great trumpeter and Billie accompanist.

Ted Fox, (1985) Show Time at the Apollo; Quartet. A survey of 50 years of the great Harlem theatre.

William P. Gottleib, (1995) The Golden Age of Jazz; Pomegranate. A nostalgic look back to the 1930’s and 40’s.

Charles Fox & Valerie Wilmer, (1971) The Jazz Scene; Hamlyn. A nicely illustrated overview.

Joachim Berendt, (1984) The Jazz Book (Revised Edition); Paladin. One of the truly great jazz histories.

Geoffrey C. Ward & Ken Burns, (2000) Jazz, A History of America’s Music; Pimlico. Excellent research, beautifully illustrated tie in to TV series.

Teddy Wilson, A. Lightart, H. Van Loo, (1996) Teddy Wilson Talks Jazz; Cassell. A candid account account of Wilson’s life and career.

Arnold Shaw, (1986) Black Popular Music in America; Schirmer. Comprehensive and well researched.

John Chilton, (1979) Jazz; Hodder and Stoughton. Intro to history and practice of jazz music, best of this type.

Whitney Balliet, (1964) Dinosaurs in the Morning; J. Dent. Essays by the New York Times Jazz critic.

Stanley Dance, (1974) The World of Swing; Scribners. A chronicle of the big band era.

Philip Larkin, (1970) All What Jazz; Faber. Criticism and record reviews by famous English poet.

Cynthia Palmer & Michael Horowitz, (2000) Sisters of the Extreme; Park St. Press. Women writing about their drug experience.

Alice Adams, (1984) Listening to Billie; Penguin. A beautiful novel that starts in a 1950’s Manhattan night- club.

John Wieners, (1996) 707 Scott St.; Sun and Moon. Poetry and prose dedicated to Billie.

Anne Grifalconi, (1999) Tinny’s Hat; Harper Collins. For children, a young girl wears her musician father’s hat.

Robert Somma, (1973) No One Waved Goodbye; Charisma. Includes the poem "The Day Lady Day Died (Lunch Poems 1963).

Alexis De Veaux, (1988) Don’t Explain; Writers and Readers. A prose poem in tribute to Billie.

Carlos Sampayo & Jose Munoz, (1993) Billie Holiday; Fantagraphics Books. Imaginative stuff, a graphic novel.

Elisabeth Hardwick, (1979) Sleepless Nights; Random House. A stunning novel, taking in memory, affection and Billie Holiday in Harlem.

Jeremy Reed, (2001) Saint Billie; Enitharmon Press. An anthology that captures the drama of Billie’s life and the jazz age.

Billie is of course mentioned in every reference work on jazz. Following are strongly recommended.

Leonard Feather, (1960) The Encyclopeadia of Jazz; Arthur Baker. One of the first in the field and still very reliable.

John Chilton, (1970) Who’s Who of Jazz; Bloomsbury. Obsessively comprehensive.

David Meeker, (1981) Jazz in the Movies; Talisman. Indispensable guide to jazz on film, includes all of Billie appearances plus TV.

John Fordham, (1993) Jazz; Dorling Kindersley. History, instruments, musicians, recordings, a connoisseur’s book.

Ian Carr, D. Fairweather, B. Priestlet, (1987) Jazz Essential Companion; Grafton. Homage to jazz musicians everywhere.

Richard Cook, Brian Morton, (1992) Pengin Guide to Jazz on CD, LP and Cassette; Penguin. Definitive reference work with criticism of all available recordings.

Roy Carr, (1998) A Century of Jazz; Hamlyn. Beautifully illustrated celebration of jazz history.

Brian Case, S. Britt, C. Murray, (1986) Illustrated Encyclopedia of Jazz; Salamender. For the buff or the new fan.

Barry MaCrae, (1987) The Jazz Handbook; Longman. Practical, easy to use and insightful.

Jorgen Grunnet Jepsen, (1969) Discography of Billie Holiday; Knudsen (Denmark). Small, home published discography.

Jack Millar, (1979) Born to Swing; JazzMedia (Denmark). A model for all discographical writing. Updated by Jack Millar until his death in 1999.